He government exercised without opposition, legal system or legislation is called dictatorship . The term, which comes from Latin dictatūraIt also serves to refer to the time during which this type of mandate lasts and to the country that is directed under this type of government.
Military , meanwhile, is that pertaining to or relative to the war or to the militia . This can also be called members, institutions and facilities belonging to the armed forces.
A military dictatorship it is the government that the armed forces exercise without respect for the legal order or the law . The leader of this regime is known as dictator and, generally, it has the characteristic of being an extremely charismatic person or of a certain presence that causes everyone to venerate him or, failing that, at least respect him.
Some phrases where the concept appears are: “The bloody military dictatorship of the African country left thousands dead”, “Those responsible for the Argentine military dictatorship are being tried”, “The population has to defend democracy on the street to prevent a military dictatorship from taking power again”.
The most common way in which a group of people manages to seize control of a State is through a revolt in which they dismiss the current democratic government and put themselves or to the leader they have chosen , instead.
Generally these revolts are headed by military groups ; That is why they usually achieve their goals, not finding a force as powerful as they can stop them. In some cases they arise paramilitary groups that reach a certain arms organization and face the military; but even then it is not possible to end the revolt and rebuild peace in the country.
Thus, using the military force , the former manage not only to carry out the coup d'etat but also to remain in power: the use of weapons is the mainstay of such a dictatorship. Through the repression of opponents, torture and the imposition of terror to avoid dissent, the military dictatorship manages to control the streets and set its norms beyond any legal or constitutional limit.
It is important to clarify that a military dictatorship does not always take control of the situation of a place from the coup . Many times, he does it through the legal or democratic ways (with some civilian winning the elections and then directing his government towards a dictatorial form with the armed forces in command).
In the case of legal dictatorships, also called constitutional, the government slowly acquires its place of authority, undermining the freedoms of the people very little by little. In some cases, even, get him to create his lies and bet on this type of organization, believing that it is the best way to get ahead as a country.
These types of dictatorships are usually more dangerous than those that are won by force because it is very likely that the people are in their favor and approve things that will end up being totally disastrous for citizens. In addition, these governments they appropriate the legislative, executive and judicial powers, and they manage to change laws of the constitution to put it in their favor and thus approve any barbarity that serves them to reach more power and to dominate the people more rigorously.
But although this may be legal it is evident that it is a fraud against the rule of law and, generally, sooner or later things turn around; This happens when part of the people, opposed to the government, set to work and lead a revolution that ends up throwing the dictator.